The crime of obtaining money, property, or obtaining signature by false pretenses in Virginia (Va. Code §18.2-178) occurs when an offender makes a false misrepresentation of a past or existing fact with the intent to defraud, and that misrepresentation causes someone to part with his property. Va. Code §18.2-178 criminalizes obtaining money or property by false pretenses and obtaining a signature by false pretenses.
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Proof of Obtaining Signature by False Pretenses in Virginia
To prove a charge of Obtaining Signature by False Pretenses in Virginia under Va. Code §18.2-178 , the Commonwealth must prove that the offender made a false representation of past or existing fact, with the intent to defraud, caused the person to part with his property or money by providing his signature to a document.
Punishment for Obtaining Signature by False Pretenses in Virginia
Multiple Convictions for Obtaining Signature by False Pretenses in Virginia
A Virginia charge of Obtaining Signature by False Pretenses (Va. Code §18.2-178) is a form of larceny in Virginia. Va. Code §18.2-104 provides enhanced penalties for multiple convictions of any offenses “deemed” larceny in Virginia. Since Obtaining a Signature by False Pretenses under Va. Code §18.2-178 is “deemed” larceny, an offender can be convicted of a second or third offense under Va. Code §18.2-104 if he has any combination of prior false pretenses convictions or convictions for any other offenses “deemed larceny” in Virginia.
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Obtaining Signature By False Pretenses in Virginia: The Statute
§18.2-178. Obtaining money or signature, etc., by false pretense.